Author Topic: thought you heard the last of this, did ya?  (Read 959 times)

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Offline zeker

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thought you heard the last of this, did ya?
« on: October 10, 2015, 06:08:09 AM »
Ebola nurse Pauline Cafferkey 'in serious condition'     
Ebola nurse Pauline Cafferkey 'in serious condition'

BBC NEWS
OCTOBER 9, 2015 12:30 PM ET


A Scottish nurse who contracted  Ebola in Sierra Leone last year is in a "serious condition" after being  readmitted to an isolation unit in London.


NHS Greater Glasgow and  Clyde confirmed that the virus is still present in Pauline Cafferkey's  body after being left over from the original infection.


She is not thought to be contagious.


The 39-year-old has been flown back to the isolation unit at the Royal Free Hospital in London.


Bodily tissues can harbour the Ebola infection months after the person appears to have fully recovered.


Ms Cafferkey, from Cambuslang in South Lanarkshire, spent almost a month in the unit at the beginning of the year after contracting the virus in December 2014.

NHS  Greater Glasgow and Clyde (NHSGGC) said she had been admitted to the  Queen Elizabeth University Hospital in Glasgow on Tuesday after feeling  unwell and was treated in its infectious diseases unit.
                                                                                                    She  was then transferred to the Royal Free Hospital in the early hours of  Friday morning due to an "unusual late complication" in her illness.


Dr  Emilia Crighton, NHSGGC director of public health, said: "Pauline's  condition is a complication of a previous infection with the Ebola  virus.


"The risk to the public is very low. In line with normal  procedures in cases such as this, we have identified a small number of  close contacts of Pauline's that we will be following up as a  precaution."


Government sources have described her transfer to the specialist unit as a "highly precautionary process".

He said the  effects of the virus on the body could last for up to two years,  although it was difficult to know how long it could actually persist.
                                                                                                                                                                                                     He added: "The nice news here is that she's beaten the virus once so she can probably beat it again.


"The  odds are that she has actually inherited a lucky set of genes and these  are probably what protected her the first time and probably what will  keep her safe the second time regardless of any treatment. The outlook's  good."


Ebola is passed on through bodily fluids. It is not transmitted through casual contact.

Last  week Ms Cafferkey, who works at the Blantyre Health Centre, was in  London receiving an award at the Pride of Britain ceremony which  recognised the risks aid workers took with their own health.


There  are not thought to be any concerns about contact she had with people at  the event but health officials in Scotland are focusing on who she had  seen since her return home.


Ms Cafferkey contracted Ebola while  working as a volunteer with Save the Children at a treatment centre in  Kerry Town, in Sierra Leone.


She was diagnosed on 29 December last year, after returning to Glasgow via London.
                                                                                                                    Image copyright                  Getty Images                                                                         Image caption                                      Ms Cafferkey contracted Ebola while working as a volunteer in Sierra Leone last year                                                    Her temperature had been tested seven times before  she flew from Heathrow to Glasgow and she was cleared to travel, before  later falling ill.


She was placed in an isolation unit at  Glasgow's Gartnavel Hospital after becoming feverish, before being  transferred by an RAF Hercules plane to London on 30 December.


She was then transferred to the specialist isolation unit at the Royal Free.
After a few days Ms Cafferkey's condition began to deteriorate, with the hospital announcing she had become critically ill on 4 January.


After leaving hospital later the same month, Ms Cafferkey said she was "very happy to be alive" and was looking forward to returning to "normal life".



An investigation by Save the Children later concluded that the nurse had probably caught Ebola by wearing a visor instead of goggles while treating patients.


Ebola virus disease (EVD)

                                                                                                                    Image copyright                  SPL                                                   
  • Symptoms include high fever, bleeding and central nervous system damage
  • Spread by body fluids, such as blood and saliva
  • Fatality rate can reach 90% - but current outbreak has mortality rate of about 55%
  • Incubation period is two to 21 days
  • There is no proven vaccine or cure
  • Supportive care such as rehydrating patients who have diarrhoea and vomiting can help recovery
  • Fruit bats, a delicacy for some West Africans, are considered to be virus's natural host
At the time, Dr Michael Jacobs,  from the Royal Free's infectious diseases team, said Ms Cafferkey had  completely recovered and was "not infectious in any way".


NHS Lanarkshire said she had begun a phased return to work in mid-March, and had last been at work on 1 October.


Consultant  in Public Health David Cromie said: "Pauline was well while at work and  there is no wider public health risk for patients treated by her or her  staff colleagues.


"In line with normal procedures in cases such  as this, a small number of close contacts of Pauline have been  identified and will be followed up as a precaution.

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